Top 5 Brake Tips

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City Ford Sales
14750 Mark Messier Trail,
Edmonton, AB T6V 1H5, Canada
780-454-2000
City Ford Sales

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Summer Car Care Tips

summer-trip-van

  • Keep your engine cool. Cooling systems protect engines from overheating and should be flushed periodically, as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. Between flushes, make sure the coolant is filled to the proper level by checking the overflow reservoir. If necessary, top off the reservoir with a 50/50 mix of water and the coolant type specified by the vehicle manufacturer. CAUTION! – Never remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot – boiling coolant under pressure could cause serious burns. Rubber cooling system components are susceptible to heat-related deterioration, so periodically inspect hoses and drive belts for cracking, soft spots or other signs of poor condition.
  • Keep your tires properly inflated. Driving on under-inflated tires can cause tires to overheat and increase the likelihood of a blowout, especially when road temperatures are extremely high. Check your car’s tire pressures (including the spare) at least once a month, because tires typically lose about one pound of pressure per month through normal seepage. For the most accurate reading, check tire pressures when the tires are cold. Always follow inflation pressure recommendations in your vehicle owner’s manual or on the tire information label located in the glove box or on the driver’s door jamb. Do not use the inflation pressure molded into the tire sidewall, which may not be the correct pressure for your particular vehicle.
  • Make sure fluids are at appropriate levels. Most engine fluids lubricate and serve as coolants by helping carry heat away from critical components. When fluid levels are low, the cooling effect is reduced, which increases the possibility of overheating. Periodically check all vehicle fluids, including motor oil, transmission fluid, power steering fluid and brake fluid, to ensure they are at appropriate levels. If any fluids need to be topped off, be sure to use the type of fluid specified in the owner’s manual.
  • Maintain a comfortable driving environment. During extreme summer heat, an air-conditioning system can be more than just a pleasant convenience. It can reduce fatigue, which plays an important part in driver alertness and vehicle safety. If a car’s air conditioning is not maintaining the interior temperature as well as it once did, it may mean the refrigerant level is low or there is another problem. Have the system checked by a certified technician. In addition, if your car has a cabin filter, it should be inspected and replaced as needed to ensure maximum airflow and cooling during the summer months.
  • Be prepared for summer breakdowns. Even with preventive maintenance, summer breakdowns can still occur, so AAA recommends drivers have a well-stocked emergency kit in their cars. The kit should include water, non-perishable food items, jumper cables, a flashlight with extra batteries, road flares or an emergency beacon, basic hand tools and a first aid kit.

City Ford Sales
14750 Mark Messier Trail,
Edmonton, AB T6V 1H5, Canada
780-454-2000
City Ford Sales

Extend the Life of Your Tires

car-brake-system

Follow these good driving habits to help you get the most mileage between brake service:

1. Plan Ahead

Instead of stomping on the brakes just before the stop sign, traffic light or turn, slow down well before the stop. Then the engine does some of the work, reducing wear and tear on your brakes. On the highway, lift your foot off the gas pedal as soon as you see brake lights ahead.

2. Use the Right Braking Method in the Mountains

If headed downhill or over the pass on dry pavement, drive in lower gears. Here’s how: Put your vehicle in the gear that allows you to travel at the safe speed when you start down the incline. Then apply the brakes intermittently with light pressure for about five seconds if your car speeds up, so you maintain the right speed. As in #1, this will let the engine do some of the work.

Note: This only slightly increases wear and tear on your engine. In normal driving, the “front face” of the gears and transmission wear down. With this kind of engine braking, the “back face” of the transmission does the work. You rarely engage the back face, so it’s a good trade between transmission and brake wear.

By balancing engine braking and pumping your brakes, you allow your brake system to cool. Riding the brakes down a long hill generates friction (which creates the stopping power you need). It also creates heat as your brake pads are in constant contact with the rotor. The longer the hill, the more friction and heat you generate, and the greater the wear on all brake system components—pads, shoes, fluid, brake calipers, rotors or drums and hoses.

It’s also a safety issue: Too much heat can also heat brake fluid, causing brake pedal fade, right when you need your brakes most.

Don’t use this technique when you are driving downhill in icy or slick conditions. Start at the top of the hill as slowly as possible and double the distance you’d normally give between you and the driver ahead. Assuming you’re driving a passenger vehicle (not a big rig), leave your auto in normal drive gear and use light, steady pressure on the brake pedal to maintain the right speed.

This allows your antilock braking system (ABS) to kick in instantly if you lose traction. When you use your engine for braking by downshifting, only your drive tires slow the car. (Your drive tires are the front two in a front-wheel drive auto, back tires in a rear-wheel drive, and all tires if you’re driving an AWD or 4WD vehicle). If the drive tires lose traction and your car starts to slide, the ABS won’t engage and you can lose control.

If you use the brakes instead, the ABS is ready to engage. ABS maintains traction by making sure all four tires slow at the same rate when you apply the brakes. You’ll minimize fishtailing and be able to steer in the proper direction.

3. Follow the Three-Second Rule

Pick a stationary object even with the car in front of you–a sign, a building, or a side road all work well. Then count to three. If you pass that object before you get to three, you need to back off and leave more space.

Remember driver’s ed? It was all about defensive driving and safe following distance. This style of driving is not only safest; it’s the easiest on your brake system. Stop-and-go traffic puts high demands on your brakes and decreases brake pad life. You can reduce the wear on your brakes by leaving enough space between you and the car ahead so you don’t have to tap the brakes as often.

Save Your Brakes: Drive Smart

Brake pads, shoes, drums and brake rotors will eventually need service for regular wear and tear. Be sure to follow your owner’s manual guidelines. If you think something’s wrong with your brakes, or one of your dashboard brake indicators is lit up, don’t wait to get your brakes checked.

Bottom line: Drive defensively, drive smart, and you’ll extend the life of your brakes.

Originally from: lesschwab.com

City Ford Sales
14750 Mark Messier Trail,
Edmonton, AB T6V 1H5, Canada
780-454-2000
City Ford Sales

Shocks/Struts: 101

shocks and struts

WHY REPLACE SHOCKS AND STRUTS?

Struts are an integral component of your vehicle’s suspension system, and kind of important if things like handling, stopping, and riding in comfort matter to you. A way to visualize struts is simply to picture a shock absorber and coil spring combination, working together to smooth out bumps in the road. Improved handling, shorter stopping distances, and a smoother ride are the benefits you realize from changing struts. Air shock absorbers improve ride quality by limiting suspension movement. They also have a direct effect on handling and braking. Worn shocks can make for an uncomfortable ride, but, more importantly, they can compromise your ability to control the vehicle. So, it’s important to keep shocks ship-shape.

HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE MY SHOCKS?

In general, you should inspect your air shock absorbers every 12,000 miles. Signs that your shocks may need attention include:

  • Diving during heavy braking
  • Wandering on the highway
  • Hitting bumps hard
  • Leaking shock fluid

Struts are wear items that absorb countless bumps in the road, which is why replacing struts on a car is recommended every 50,000 miles.

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SHOCKS AND STRUTS?

The words “shocks” and “struts” are often used interchangeably, but they aren’t the same thing. Each wheel on your car has either a shock or a strut, never both; although, a vehicle may have struts in the front and shocks in the rear. Consult your owner’s manual or speak to an Advance Team Member to be sure.

 

From: Advanceautoparts.com

City Ford Sales
14750 Mark Messier Trail,
Edmonton, AB T6V 1H5, Canada
780-454-2000
City Ford Sales

5 Tips to Prolong the Life of Your Tires

A few simple decisions about tires can help motorists avoid deadly mistakes on the road — especially in wet conditions.

1. Rotate tires every 5,000-7,000 miles. This will help tires wear at the same time.

2. Always put new tires on the back axle. It will help drivers keep control of their cars on wet roads. “Its doesn’t matter if you’re driving front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or all-wheel drive,” said Sarah Robinson, a Michelin tire safety expert. “If you lose traction in the rear first, the car’s gonna spin. Physics always wins.”

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3. Keep tire pressure at the recommended level. Low tire pressure can cause tires to lose their grip on wet, rainy surfaces. How much pressure do your tires need? Look for the number in your car owner’s manual or on your car door.

4. Check tire pressure on a regular basis. “We want to do this once a month or before a long road trip. You want to do it in the morning when the pressures are cool and stabilized,” Robinson said.

5. Check tire tread depth regularly. This will help keep good traction on wet roads. An easy way to check tread depth is to use a quarter inserted upside down into the tire groove: If you can see above Washington’s head, start shopping for new tires.

From Today.com

City Ford Sales
14750 Mark Messier Trail,
Edmonton, AB T6V 1H5, Canada
780-454-2000
City Ford Sales